Winners don't wait for chances

Modernity heraldry

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (QPC) (French: Conseil prive de la Reine pour le Canada (CPR)), sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council,[1] is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs, though responsible government requires the sovereign or her viceroy, the Governor General of Canada, to almost always follow only that advice tendered by the Cabinet— a committee within the Privy Council composed of elected Members of Parliament. Those summoned to the QPC are appointed for life by the governor general as directed by the Prime Minister of Canada, meaning that the group is composed predominantly of former cabinet ministers, with some others having been inducted as an honorary gesture. Those in the council are accorded the use of an honorific style and post-nominal letters, as well as various signifiers of precedence The government of Canada, which is formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government,[3][4] is defined by the Canadian constitution as the Queen acting on the advice of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada;[5][6] what is technically known as the Queen-in-Council,[7] or sometimes the Governor-in-Council,[8] referring to the Governor General of Canada as the Queen's stand-in. The group of people is described as "a Council to aid and advise in the Government of Canada, to be styled the Queen's Privy Council for Canada,"[9] though, by convention, the task of advising the sovereign and governor general on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative is carried out by the Cabinet— a committee of the Privy Council made up of other ministers of the Crown who are drawn from and responsible to the elected and appointed chambers of parliament.[6] This body is distinct but also entwined within the QPC, as one of its members customarily serves as the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, and cabinet ministers receive assistance in the performance of their duties from the Privy Council Office, headed by the Clerk of the Privy Co ncil. The sovereign or her federal viceroy govern by issuing Orders in Council, certified by the royal or viceroyal sign-manual and Great Seal of Canada. In the construct of constitutional monarchy and responsible government, this is done on ministerial advice that is typically binding, though the sovereign and his or her representative may unilaterally use these powers in exceptional constitutional crisis situations.[n 1][14][15][16][17][18][19] While the Cabinet specifically deals with the regular, day-to-day functions of the Crown-in-Council, occasions of wider national importance— such as the proclamation of a new Canadian sovereign following a demise of the Crown, or conferring on royal marriages— will be attended to by more senior officials in the QPC, such as the prime minister, the chief justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, and other senior statesmen; while all privy councillors are invited to such meetings in theory, in practice the composition of the gathering is determined by the The Constitution Act, 1867, outlines that persons are to be summoned and appointed for life to the Queen's Privy Council by the governor general,[9] though convention dictates that this be done on the advice of the sitting prime minister. As its function is to provide the vehicle for advising the Crown, the members of the QPC are predominantly all living current and former ministers of the Crown. In addition, the chief justices of Canada and former governors general are appointed. From time to time, the leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition and heads of other opposition parties will be appointed to the QPC, either as an honour or to facilitate the distribution of sensitive information under the Security of Information Act, and, similarly, it is required by law that those on the Security Intelligence Review Committee be made privy councillors, if they are not already. To date, only Prime Minister Paul Martin advised that Parliamentary Secretaries be admitted to the QPC.prime minister of the day. The quorum for Privy Council meetings is four